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Hearing and Hearing Loss

Hearing and Hearing Loss:

This video shows how sound is transmitted through the air, into the ear and how various parts of the ear help the sound go on to be processed in your brain.

The tonotopic organization of the cochlea, what part of the cochlea receives and processes what pitches.

This Video on the anatomy and physiology of the ear is accompanied by subtitles and gives a clear explanation of what happens inside and outside for our minds to understand sounds in our world.

How the organ of corti and the bony labyrinth works is an important part of understanding the inner workings of the ear. This video gives a great explanation of how sound is given to the brain.

This auditory neuropathy video that gives a person with normal hearing the experience of sound with an auditory processing disorder.

The National Institude on Deafness and other Communication Disorders explains what auditory neuropathy or Auditory Processing Disorders are and the current research backing it.

This video explains to people with normal hearing the severity of hearing loss. This video would be helpful for a family member of someone who is hard of hearing or has a hearing loss.

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Audiology

Audiology

This is a sample of an audiogram. It should be given to and explained to parents or any person who is receiving and audiologic screening or assessment.

This is what the Speech Language Pathologist or Audiologist should be doing when they are screening and testing your ability to hear. It gives detailed instructions to the SLP or AUD to guide them to follow the standard testing regulations that every practice should implement.

This website is a great one to visit if you have received your hearing test and are curious what it means. Often, audiograms (the sheets the hearing test is recorded on) are not straightforward to the untrained eye. This will help people who have hearing aids and people who have had their hearing tested understand the results of the exam.

This resource is extremely important for professionals and people trying to understand speech sounds and what they mean for the children and parents and people who have hearing loss or who are hard of hearing or deaf.

A conditioned play audiometric test is done on children who are not in school yet but are also not toddlers any more. This video shows an example of a conditioned play test to help reassure parents and the child that the earphones and wires are not scary and hopefully ease worries of hearing loss.

This video walks the viewers through understanding your audiogram, or hearing report, after you have your ears tested. It would be helpful to watch this video while looking at your own audiogram.

Newborn Hearing Screenings are something that is free for every family, even if you have had your child at home. Every hospital should screen your child for hearing loss. If your child’s medical report indicates that your infant did not pass the screening or if your physician suggests it is perhaps because of fluid in the ears still from the womb, it is best to have the child screened again at a later time but as soon as possible to be sure your little one does not miss out on any exposure to language.

This website shows different kinds of hearing loss and where they come from and what it means. This resource is great for SLPs to check up on if they do not commonly work with clients who are hard of hearing, deaf or have a hearing loss or for people who need to educate themselves about their own hearing or a child’s hearing.

This website gives SLPs and educators a tool to help communities and people understand hearing loss and cochlear implants. The second link gives a video module instructional on how to use the program.

This document gives parents, SLPs and educators an invaluable tool to understanding child’s hearing loss. It shows a basic audiogram, a blank hearing screening report, with the sounds of the English Language overlaid on the frequencies and decibels they usually occur at. When looking at an audiogram and this website, it is easier to understand which sounds a child may be missing out on hearing if they do not have a hearing aid or cochlear implant. These sounds will be difficult for the child to say because they cannot hear them.

What does it mean for you, or your child, when hearing loss is detected?

What Does it Mean for You and Your Child When Hearing Loss is Present?

Many people have hearing loss and if you have not had to experience it before and are nervous, that is normal. There are many resources available for you and your family to help you make decisions about what is best for you and your child as your child develops and requires exposure to language.

Gallaudet is an esteemed university for the deaf and hard of hearing on the east coast of the United States. They have published information about cochlear implants and the scales of development for children, particularly when they have a hearing loss.

This document is for parents. The involvement of parents in the lives of their children is crucial for the successful education of a child with a cochlear implant. Access to language and facilitating an educational environment is imperative to the child’s ability to thrive.

FMs and Assistive Technology

FMs and Assistive Technology

This video shows what it is like for a child with hearing aids to experience sound and instruction in a classroom. Often children with hearing loss are misdiagnosed as having ADD or ADHD because they are not paying attention to instruction or to other students.

With proper sound enhancement in classrooms, even students who do not have hearing loss will be able to participate and understand a teacher who moves around the room or does not always face the class when speaking. This article explains the importance of reaching children through sound.

This article explains the importance of opening up classrooms as a good auditory environment.

ASHA explains the position they hold on the importance of creating an optimal acoustic environment within the classroom and what it means for hard of hearing, deaf and hearing students.

This resource shows what it is like for students with hearing aids in classrooms with and without a hearing-aid FM system.

Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants

Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants

Hearing aid listening checks are extremely important to do daily, before a child goes to school and any time there may be a question as to if the child is hearing properly.

This web address will take you to a set of descriptors about hearing aids. It explains the purpose of a hearing aid and what it does for someone who uses one. It also will help parents and spouses understand what hearing aids do not do and help them understand what their loved ones can and cannot hear when using a hearing aid.

This website is a great resource for people of all ages and their parents or spouses. It gives excellent information on cochlear implants and provides a community of people to discuss important issues with.

This website explains the option of cochlear implants and BAHA. Because the decision to give your child an invasive implant surgery is so serious, it is important to have all the information and research available. This website walks each person through the benefits and risks involved in having an implant surgery.

This resource would be helpful for an SLP or Aural Therapist to assess whether adults are happy with the hearing assistance they have.

Assessment

Assessment

This website is a helpful resource for SLPs and educators when assessing a child’s communication abilities when they have a hearing loss or are deaf. It is a list of assessments that can be used to compare and contrast a child’s progress in therapy.

This is a document that will help SLPs, audiologists and educators find correct assessments and tools for clients who are adults or children with cochlear implants.

These websites are great tools for clients and clinicians to have people who have hearing aids fill out to understand how they use their hearing aids, when and what they use them for.

This is a guideline of what to expect when you or your child or spouse goes to an audiologist to have their hearing tested.

This document is called the Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale. It is a good resource for people administering Aural Rehab for infants and toddlers and it will be filled out by the parent and SLP/audiologist/educator.

This website has the LING-6 sounds and instructions. This resource is important for SLPs and Aural Rehabilitation therapists to assess, test and train clients with cochlear implants to understand the sounds they hear in everyday life. Because someone who is deaf will not otherwise have been exposed to sound, their brain will have to be taught to comprehend what it means when different sounds are presented. LING-6 can be used as an assessment and a teaching tool.

This is an example of Auditory Verbal Training, a tool that is also used for assessment of the client’s progress in communication.

Communication Methodologies

Communication Methodologies

Auditory Verbal: This video shows a child utilizing language before a cochlear implant.

This shows the strategy of Auditory-Verbal before cochlear implant.

This Auditory Verbal example shows multiple directions in a game with a child.

Several types of communication strategies are available to witness in this video of a girl who was assessed before and after her cochlear implant.

A Red Socks player with a cochlear implant visits a school for the deaf. This is a great example of Auditory Aural communication.

This video shows a Cued Speech explanation through example.

Signing Exact English with the book Brown Bear, Brown Bear.

This video shows a program that incorporates sign language, verbal language and literacy skills.

This resource shows the options and explanations of different methods of communication available for children who are deaf and hard of hearing.

This blog gives written examples and video samples of the different options for communicating with a child who is deaf or hard of hearing. Blogs are a great way to enter into a community of support from other parents who are making or have made these decisions for their own families.

This document is another way for parents, educators, SLPs or audiologists to understand ways to give the child access to language. It is important to know that children who are deaf and hard of hearing should be given every option to access language as they may have had times of no auditory access which could have cut them off from great learning and development times.